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Chandassu 101
telugu ChaMdassu - 101

koMta kavitAvESaM kaligi, padyAlu rAyAlanukoMTunna mA cellelu, tanaku 
telugu CaMdassu vivaristoo uttaraM rAyamaMdi.  nAku gurtunnaMta varaku 
CaMdassu sUtrAlani, nEnu padyAla naDaka nErcukonna tIrunU, sammiLitaM 
cEsi oka cinna vyAsaM rAyAlanna nA cirakAla kOrika ilA tIriMdi. 

idi rAyaTaMlO mottaMgA nA j~nApakaSakti painE AdhArapaDDAnu. aMduvalla 
iMdulO konni tappulu dorli uMDa vaccu. ayinA, unna tappulu "yati maitri 
vargAlu", "kaMda padyaM sUtrAlu" anE aMSAllOnE ani nA nammakaM. mIku ee 
vyAsaMlO kanipiMcina dOshAlu, mudrA rAkshasAlu sahRdayatatO nAku 
teliya paristE, diddukuMTAnu.

iTlu 

bhavadIyuDu,

saMkA rAmakRshNa
(rsanka@usa.net)


laghuvu: Eka mAtrA kAlaMlO uccariMca baDEdi laghuvu. dIni gurtu "I".
         sAdhAraNaMgA hrasvAlu laghuvulavutAyi.
            I   I    I     I 
     udA:  ta, na,  dvi,  kla

guruvu: dvi mAtrA kAlaMlO uccariMca baDEdi guruvu. dIni gurtu "U".
        sAdhAraNaMgA dIrghAlu guruvulavutAyi.
           U    U     U     U   U
    udA:  kO,  saM,  kai,  lA, yel 

guru, laghu nirNayaM cEsETappuDu sAdhAraNaMgA pai udAharaNalalO
cUppinaTTu aksharAla paina vATi gurtuluMcutAru.

saMyuktAksharAlu (udA: tra, klu vaMTivi), dvitvAlu (udA: tta, ppu vaMTivi)
muMdu vunna aksharAnni guruvunu cEstAyi.

udA:  
"mitra" anE padaMlO viDigA cUstE "mi" ni laghuvugA gurtiMcinA
"tra" anE saM yuktAksharaM muMdu uMDaTaM valana adi guruvavutuMdi.

alAgE "tappu" anE padaMlO "ppu" anE dvitvAksharaM muMdu uMDaTaM
valana "ta" guruvu avutuMdi.

I sUtrAniki kAraNaM "mitra", "tappu" anE padAlanu uccariMcETappuDu 
"mit ra", "tap pu" gA vinipiMcaTaM kAvaccu.

           U  I     U I   
aMduvalla  mitra   tappu ani gurtiMcAli.

gaNAlu:
 
prati padya rItikI oka viSishTamaina laya vuMTuMdi. A layanu guruvu, 
laghuvula #pattern# tO sUciMca vaccu. ayitE I layanu sulabhaMgA 
sUciMcaTaM kOsaM konni sAmanyamaina guruvu, laghuvu #combinations# 
ni "gaNAlu"gA ErparacAru. sAdhAraNaMgA oka gaNaMlO mUDu aksharAlu vuMTAyi. 

       ya: I U U   bha: U I I   va : I U (dInini lagaM ani kUDA aMTAru)
       ra: U I U    ja: I U I   ha : U I
       ta: U U I    sa: I I U   la : I
       ma: U U U    na: I I I   ga : U
      
              

ee gaNAlani gurtu peTTukOvaDAniki reMDu ciTkAlunnAyi.

1. ee nAlugu sUtrAlani kaMThasthaM ceyyaMDi:
      a) Adi madhya aMtya laghuvulu - ya ra ta - lu
     aa) Adi madhya aMtya guruvulu - bha ja sa - lu
      i) sarva laghuvu - na - gaNaM
     ee) sarva guruvu - ma - gaNaM

     modaTi reMDu sUtrAlanu ilA an&vayiMcukOvAli:
             Adi laghuvu    ya  gaNaM : I U U 
   (aMTE modaTi aksharaM laghuvu - migatA reMDU guruvulani arthaM)
          madhya laghuvu    ra  gaNaM : U I U
           aMtya laghuvu    ta  gaNaM : U U I
     alAgE
             Adi guruvu     bha gaNaM : U I I
          madhya guruvu     ja  gaNaM : I U I
           aMtya guruvu     sa  gaNaM : I I U

2. inkoka paddhati EmiTaMTE 
	"ya mA tA rA ja bhA na sa la gaM" 
   anE #phrase# ni kaMThasthaM ceyyaTaM.

iMdulO ippuDu E gaNaM kAvAlaMTE A aksharaM daggara modalu peTTi 
mUDu aksharAlanu tIsukoni laghuvu guruvulu gurtiMcAli.

udA:    ya gaNaM :  "ya mA tA"   aMTE   I U U
alaagE  sa gaNaM :  "sa la gaM"  aMTE   I I U

mIku E paddhati tElikagA anipistE A paddhatini anusariMca vaccu.

yati - prAsa: 

telugu kAvyAlalO upayOgiMcE padya rItullO cAlA varaku saMskRtaM 
nuMci digumati cEsukonna vRtta rItulE. "utpalamAla", "caMpakamAla", 
"mattEbhaM", "SArdUlaM" vITilO pramukhamainavi.  ayitE teluguku 
pratyEkamaina padya rItulu lEka pOlEdu. accaMgA teluguku ceMdinavi 
"kaMdaM", "sIsaM", "gIta padyAlu : tETagIti - ATaveladi".  

ayitE ilA saMskRtaM nuMDi grahiMcina vRttAlanu kUDA, telugu tana 
pratyEkatalanu  ApAdiMcE svIkariMciMdi. saMskRta vRttAlaku telugu 
cErcina viSEshAlu "yati", "prAsa" niyamAlu.  

yati: 
yati aMTE virAmaM ani arthaM. layabaddhamaina padya naDakalO sahajaMgA 
vaccE #pause# (virAmaM) ni yati sthAnaM aMTAru. telugu padyAlalO I yati 
sthAnaMlO uMDE aksharaM pAdaM modaTi aksharaMtO "yati maitri" lO 
uMDAlanEdi niyamaM.  

ee kriMdi akshara vargAlalO oka vargaMlOni anni aksharAlU parasparaM 
yati maitrilO uMTAyi.
1. a, A, ai, au, ha, ya, aM, a@h 
2. i, I, e, E, R
3. u, U, o, O 
4. ka, Ka, ga, Ga, ~na, ksha 
5. ca, Ca, ja, Ja, Sa, sha, sa, ~ma
6. Ta, Tha, Da, Dha, Na 
7. ta, tha, da, dha, na 
8. pa, pha, ba, bha, ma, va 
9.  Na, na 
10. ra, r''a, la, La 
hallula yati maitri pATiMcETappuDu vATitO kUDina acculaku kUDA yati maitri pATiMcAli. aMTE: "ca", "ja" okE yati maitri vargaMlO unnA "ca" ki "ji" tO maitri kudaradu. saMyuktAksharAlu vaccina cOTa, yati kOsaM E aksharAnnainA gaNiMcavaccu. udA: "kro" modaTi aksharaM anukOMDi. yati maitri kOsaM deenni "ko" gA gAnee "ro" gaa gAnee bhaaviMca vaccu. prAsa: padya pAdamlOni reMDO aksharAnni prAsaaksharaM aMTAru. telugulO vRttAlalO, kaMda padyaMlO anni pAdAlalO prAsAksharaM okkaTE uMDAlanEdi niyamaM. prAsAksharaM anni pAdAlalOnU okE guNiMtaMlO uMDanakkaralEdu. muMdu muMdu vivariMcabOyE padyarItula udAharaNalalO ee niyamAlanu gamaniMca vaccu.

vRttAlu

utpalamAla

ee vRttaM naDaka ilA uMTuMdi: "tAnana tAna tAna tana tAnana tAnana tAna tAna tA" |____ yati maitri ____| 10 va aksharaM tO dInini mUDu mUDu aksharAlugA vibhajiMci gaNAlu gurtistE bha ra na bha bha ra va U I I U I U I I I U I I U I I U I U I U tAnana tAna tA na tana tAnana tAnana tAna tA na tA aMTE utpalamAla vRttaMlO "bha ra na bha bha ra va" gaNAlu vastAyi 10 va aksharaM tO yati maitri ani ceppavaccu. udA: (dInini - mIku telisina itara utpalamAla padyAlanu - paina ceppina naDaka tIrulO cadavaTaM alavATu cEsukoMTE padyAlu E vRttAniki ceMdinavO gurtiMcaTaM, padyaM kaMThasthaM cEyaTaM, rAyaTaM suluvavutuMdi) toMDamu nEka daMtamunu tOrapu bojjayu vAma hastamun meMDuga mrOyu gajjelunu mellani cUpulu maMdahAsamun koMDoka gujju rUpamuna kOrina vidyalakella nojjavai yuMDeDi pArvatI tanaya yOyi gaNAdhipa nIku mrokkedan pai padyaMlO modaTi pAdAnni utpalamAlaki sUciMcina naDaka prakAraM koMceM viDa dIsi rAstE: tAnana tAna tAna nana tAnana tAnana tAna tAna nA toMDamu nEka daMta munu tOrapu bojjayu vAma hasta mun cUSArA ee padyaMlO padAla allika manaM rAsukunna naDakaki eMta daggaragA uMdO?!(ee padyaM udAharaNagA tIsukOvaDAniki idoka kAraNaM!) anni padyAllO iMta daggara kalayika uMDakapOvaccu. ee padyaMlOnE nAlugO pAdaM cUDaMDi: tAnana tAna tAna nana tAnana tAnana tAna tAna nA yuMDeDi pArva tIta naya yOyiga NAdhipa nIku mrokke dan padAla virupu koMceM asahajaMgA uMTuMdi. ayinA padyAla naDaka paTTubaDAlaMTE koMta kAlaM padyAlani ilA cadavaka tappadu. naDaka koMta paTTu cikkAka ilA viravakuMDAnE padyAnni cadavaccu. iMkO gamaniMca dagga viSEshaM EmiTaMTE, manaM rAsukonna naDakalO, reMDO sAri "tAnana" vaccE muMdu koMceM #pause# vacci "tAnana" tALaMlO debba lAgA maMci UputO vastuMdi. ee tAnana lO "tA" yati sthAnaM kAvaTaM yAdRcChikaM kAdu. ceppoccEdEmiTaMTE padyAnni manaM rAsukunna naDakalO cadivitE yati sthAnaM dAnaMtaTadE telustuMdi - aksharAlu lekkEsukOvalasina pani lEdu. ippuDu #formal# gA gaNavibhajana cEsi cUddAM: bha ra na bha bha ra va U I I | U I U |I I I|U I I | U I I|U I U| I U koMDoka gujju rUpamuna kOrina vidyalakella nojjavai "dvitvaM / saM yuktaM muMdara aksharAlanu guruvu cEstAyi" anE sUtraM valla "gujju", "vidya", "kella", "nojja" lanu "U I" gA gurtu peTTAmu. prAsa anni pAdAlalOnU biMdu pUrvaka "Da" saripOyiMdi. yati : 1va aksharaM "koM" - "kO" 10va aksharaM saripOyiMdi. caduvarulu anni pAdAlanU ilAgE vibhajiMci sari cUsukOvaccu. naDaka prakAraM caduvutU yati sthAnAnni gurtiMcaDaM, padyaMlO anni gaNAlU sarigA kudiriMdI lEnidI kanipeTTaTaM sAdhana cEyAli. padyaMlO akkaDakkaDA aksharAlani vadili ekkaDa padyaM naDaka tappiMdI gurtiMcaDaM padya naDaka alavaDaTaMlO maMci sAdhananistuMdi.
caMpakamAla
idi utpalamAlaki saha-vRttaM ani ceppavaccu. dInikI utpalamAlakI unna okkaTE tEDA EMiTaMTE utpalamAlalOni modaTi guruvu, caMpakamAlalO reMDu laghuvulavutuMdi. aMTE utpalamAla naDaka "tAnana tAna tAna tana tAnana tAnana tAna tAna tA" ayitE |____ yati maitri ____| 10 va aksharaM tO caMpakamAla naDaka "tana nana tAna tAna tana tAnana tAnana tAna tAna tA" |______ yati maitri _____| 11 va aksharaM tO (sharA: mIkishTamaitE dInnE "dhiranana dhIM na tOM na nana dhIM taka tOM taka dhikku dhikku dhA" anI rAsu(nErcu)kOvaccu) I naDakanu kUDA mUDu mUDu aksharAlugA vibhajiMci gaNAlu gurtistE na ja bha ja ja ja ra I I I I U I U I I I U I I U I I U I U I U tanana na tAna tAna ta na tAna na tAna na tAna tAna nA TUkIgA ceppAlaMTE: caMpakamAla lO 4 pAdAlalOnU "na ja bha ja ja ja ra" gaNAlu vastAyi, 11va aksharaMtO yati maitri. udA: aluguTa yE yer''uMgani mahA mahitAtmuDajAta SatRvE yaligina nADu sAgaramulanniyu nEkamu kAka pOvu ka rNulu padivEvuraina nani notturu catturu rAja rAja nA palukula viSvasiMpumu vipannula nArtula gAvumelleDan (idi tirupati vEMkaTa kavula "pAMDavOdyOga vijayAlu" lOnidi. kaurava sabhalO rAyabAra saMdarbhaMlO kRshNuDu dhRtarAshTrunitO ceppinadi.) pai padyAnni caMpakamAlaki ceppina naDakalO caduvukoni sarigA unnadO lEdO cUsukOMDi. A taruvAta anni pAdAlanU gaNa vibhajana cEsi gaNAlu saripOyAyO lEdO gamaniMcaMDi. prAsAksharaM : la (nAlugu pAdAlalO varusagA "lu, li, lu, lu") yati: (modaTi aksharAnikI 11va aksharAnikI cUstE: ) 1. "a" -- "hA" 2. "ya" -- "la" ivi reMDu kUDA nijAniki oka yati maitri vargAniki ceMdinavi kAvu. kAnI gamaniMci cUstE ivi reMDU saMdhi valla mArurUpaMlO unna "a" lu. "yaligina" = "y + aligina" , "lanniyu" = "lu + anniyu" kAbaTTi yati maitri "a" -- "a" ki saripOyiMdi. 3. "rNu" -- "no" "rNu" lOni "Nu" grahistE yati maitri tElikagA kanipistuMdi. gamaniMcadagga vishayaM EmiTaMTE "Na" ki "na" ki maitri kudaraTamE kAka, vATini aMTi unna acculu "u" ki "o" kI kUDA maitri kudiriMdi. 4. "pa" -- "pa"
SArdUlaM
dIni naDaka: "tAnA tAnana tAna tAna tananA tAnAna tAnAna nA" |________ yati maitri ________| 13 va aksharaM iMkO rakaMgA rAstE: "taddhittOM taka tOM na tOM na dhiranA taddhikku taddhikku tA" |______________ yati maitri _______________| 13 va aksharaM gaNa vibhajana cEstE ma sa ja sa ta ta ga U U U I I U I U I I I U U U I U U I U tAnA tA nana tA na tAna tananA tAnAna tAnAna nA TUkIgA: SArdUlaM padyaM 4 pAdAlalO "ma sa ja sa ta ta ga" anE gaNAlu vastAyi. 13va aksharaMtO yati maitri. udA: jaMDApai kapi rAju muMdu sita vAjiSrENinin gUrci nE daMDaMbun goni dOlu syaMdanamu mIdan nAri sAriMcucun gAMDIvammu dhariMci phalguNuDu mUkaM jeMDu cunnappu Do kkaMDunnI mora nAlakiMpaDu kurukshmA nAtha saMdhiMpagaan (ee padyaM kUDA "pAMDavOdyOga vijayAlu" lO rAyabAra ghaTTaMlOnidE) dInini naDaka nanusariMci cadavaTaM, gaNa vibhajana, yati maitri gurtiMcaTaM caduvarulaku abhyAsaM kiMda vadili peDutunnAnu! prAsa vishayaMlO mAtraM reMDu cinna vishayAlu sUcistAnu. 1. pAdaMlO modaTi aksharaMlO ganaka sunnA vastE, dAniki kUDA prAsa niyamam vartistuMdi. aMTE modaTi pAdamlO modaTi aksharaM ganuka biMdu pUrvakamainadaitE migatA mUDu pAdAlalOni modaTi aksharAlu kUDA biMdu yuktamainavE ayi uMDAli. (ee sUtraM utpalamAlaki iccina udAharaNalO cUDa vaccu.) 2. modaTi pAdaMlO prAsAksharaM ganuka saM yuktaM, dvitvaM, lEka poDi aksharamaitE anni pAdAlalOnU alAgE saM yuktaM , dvitvaM, poDi aksharaM gAnE uMDAli.
mattEbhaM
idi SArdUlAniki "saha-vRttaM". nijAniki cAlA vRttAlu ilA jaMTagA uMTAyi. oka dAni modaTi guruvu reMDO dAnilO reMDu laghuvulavutuMdi. aMdu valla dIni naDaka: "tananA tAnana tAna tAna tananA tAnAna tAnAna nA" |________ yati maitri _________| 14 va aksharaM iMkO rakaMgA rAstE: "taka dhittOM taka tOM na tOM na dhiranA taddhikku taddhikku tA" |______________ yati maitri _________________| 14 va aksharaM gaNa vibhajana cEstE sa bha ra na ma ya va I U U U I I U I U I I I U U U I U U I U tananA tAnana tAna tA na tana nA tAnA na tAnA na nA TUkIgA: mattEbhaM padyaM 4 pAdAlalO "sa bha ra na ma ya va" anE gaNAlu vastAyi. 14va aksharaMtO yati maitri. udA: ala vaikuMTha puraMbulO nagarilO nA mUla saudhaMbu dA pala maMdAra vanAtarAmRta sara@h prAMtEMdu kAMtOpalO tpala paryaMka ramA vinOdi yagu nApanna @h prasannuMDu vi hvala nAgEMdramu pAhi pAhi yana guyyAliMci saMraMbhiyai (ee padyaM pOtana viracita "SrImadAMdhra mahAbhAgavataM" lOni gajEMdra mOkshaM ghaTTaMlOnidi) dInini naDaka nanusariMci cadavaTaM, gaNa vibhajana, yati maitri gurtiMcaTaM caduvarulaku abhyAsaM kiMda vadili peDutunnAnu!
iMkA cAlA rakAla vRttAlunnAyi. kAnI iMkO reMDu mAtraM koMta pramukhaMgA vADa baDDAyi. ivi "mattakOkila" , "taralamu" anE jaMTa vRttAlu. mattakOkila naDaka cAlA sulabhaMgA vuMTuMdi: "matta kOkila matta kOkila matta kOkila kOkilA" "tAna tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tA" |_____ yati maitri _____| 11 va aksharaM dInilO gaNAlu : "ra sa ja ja bha ra" caduvarulu UhiMcinaTTE "taralamu" naDaka "tanana tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tA" |_____ yati maitri _______| 12 va aksharaM dInilO gaNAlu : "na bha ra sa ja ja ga" matta kOkila gaNAlu rAsi cUstE adi yeMta "#symmetric#" gA uMdO arthamavutuMdi. koMceM nErpugA rAstE I vRttaMlO "#palindromes#" rAya vaccu!
vRttAla naDaka, gaNAlu, yati sthAnaM
utpalamAla tAnana tAna tAna tana tAnana tAnana tAna tAna tA bha ra na bha bha ra va 10
caMpakamAla tana nana tAna tAna tana tAnana tAnana tAna tAna tA na ja bha ja ja ja ra 11
SArdUlaM tAnA tAnana tAna tAna tananA tAnAna tAnAna nA ma sa ja sa ta ta ga 13
mattEbhaM tananA tAnana tAna tAna tananA tAnAna tAnAna nA sa bha ra na ma ya va 14
mattakOkila tAna tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tA ra sa ja ja bha ra 11
taralamu tanana tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tAnana tAna tA na bha ra sa ja ja ga 12

telugu padyAlu
ika acca telugu padya rItulaku vastE muMdugA konni kotta gaNAlu nErcukOvalasi uMTuMdi. bhayapaDakaMDi, ivi manaku paricayamaina pAta gaNAla nuMcE ErpaDDAyi.
iMdra gaNAlu: nala, naga, sala, bha, ra, ta nala : I I I I naga : I I I U sala : I I U I bha : U I I ra : U I U ta : U U I sUrya gaNAlu: gala, na gala : U I na : I I I

sIsa padyaM
sIsa padyAnni okE lAgA uMDE nAlugu pedda pAdAlugA kAnI (1, 1, 1, 1), I okkO pedda pAdAnni reMDu cinna pAdAlugA (1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2) mottaM enimidi pAdAlugA kAnI vivariMcavaccu. sIsa padyaMlO bhAgaM kAka pOyinA sAdhAraNaMgA sIsa padyaM taruvAta oka gIta padyaM ("ATaveladi" lEdaa "tETagIti") vastuMdi. 1. oka pedda pAdaMlO varusagA 6 iMdra gaNAlu, 2 sUrya gaNAlU vastAyi. 2. prAsa niyamaM lEdu. 3. yati 1va gaNaMlO modaTi aksharAniki 3va gaNaMlO modaTi aksharaMtOnU, 5va gaNaMlO modaTi aksharAniki 7va gaNaMlO modaTi aksharaMtOnU maitri kudarAli. 4. prAsayati uMDa vaccu. aMTE pai sUtraMlO ceppina gaNAlalO modaTi aksharAlaku yati maitri badulu reMDO aksharAlu prAsa niyamaM pATistE cAlu - aMTE okE aksharaM ayi uMDAli (E guNiMtamainA sarE). ee acca tenugu padya rItulalO khaccitamaina gaNAlu ceppaka pOvaTaM valla anni padyAlu (aMteMduku oka padyaMlOni anni pAdAlU) okE layalO uMDanavasaraM lEdu. kAnI vITi layanu gurtiMcaDaM aMta kashTaM kAdu. padyAlu paiki caduvutU uMTE laya dAnaMtaTa adE avagataM avutuMdi. udA: sI. lOkaala ceekaTlu pOkaarpa ravicaMdra deepaalu gaganaana trippalEka jagatipai baDavaccu jalaraaSi keraTaalu maamoolu mEraku maDavalEka pani maali pratirOju praaNikOTula guMDe gaDiyaaramula keelu kadapalEka andaalu ciMda neelaakaaSa vEdipai cukkala mruggulu cekkalEka tE.gI eMta Srama noMducuMTivO yEmo swaami! aDugiDiti veTlo nEDu maa gaDapalOna; guMDe kudiliMci nee muMdu kuppavOtu aMdukOvayya hRdaya pushpaaMjalulanu (abhinava pOtana - karuNaSrI - jaMdhyAla pApayya SAstri gAru madhura madhuraMgA bhagavaMtuni karpiMcina hRdaya pushpAMjali idi!) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ta ta ta sala ta sala gala gala U U I U U I U U I I I U I U U I I I U I U I U I lOkaala ceekaTlu pOkaarpa ravicaMdra deepaalu gaganaana trippalEka |___prAsayati____| |______ yati_______| pai udaaharaNaloe praasa yati unna aksharAlaku prAsatO bATu yati kUDA kudiriMdi. prAsa yati aksharAlaki yati maitri avasaraM lEdu. iMkoka udAharan'a cooDaMDi. naga sala naga ra nala ta na na #I I I U I I U I I I I U U I U I I I I U U I I I I I I I# kaliki vennelalUru caluva dOsiLLatO latalaku mArAku latiki yatiki |____prAsa yati____| |__yati maitri__| ikkaDa prAsa yati unnadi kAnee "li" ki "lu" ki yati maitri lEdu.
tETagIti - ATaveladi
ee reMDu padyAla gaNAlanu oka ATaveladi padyaMlO ceptAru:
sUryuDokkaruMDu surarAjuliddaru dinakara dvayaMbu tETagIti ina gaNa trayaMbu iMdra dvayaMbu haMsa paMcakaMbu ATaveladi
tETagIti: anni pAdAlalOnU 1 sUrya gaNaM, 2 iMdra gaNAlu, 2 sUrya gaNAlu vastAyi. ATaveladi: 1,3 pAdAlalO : 3 sUrya gaNAlu, 2 iMdra gaNAlu 2,4 pAdAlalO : 5 sUrya gaNAlu gIta padyAlu reMDiTikI #common# sUtrAlu 1. prAsa niyamaM lEdu 2. yati maitri modaTi gaNaMlO modaTi aksharAniki, 4va gaNaMlO modaTi aksharAniki uMDAli. 3. prAsa yati uMDavaccu. vEmana padyAlu annI ATa veladi padyAlu. paina udahariMcina sIsa padyaM civara unnadi oka tETagIti padyaM. tETagIti - iMkoka udAharaNa: tiviri isumuna tailaMbu tIya vaccu, davili mRgatRshNalO nIru trAga vaccu, tirigi kuMdETi kommu sAdhiMca vaccu cEri mUrkhuni manasu raMjiMpa rAdu (idi paiDipATi "Enugu" lakshmaNa kavi tenigiMcina bhartRhari subhAshitAla lOnidi)
kaMda padyaM
kaMda padyaM aMdaM iMtA aMtA kAdu. ati suMdaramaina padya rItulalO kaMdaM okaTi. 1. kaMda padyaMlO "gaga"(UU), "bha" (U I I), "ja" (I U I), "sa"(I I U), "nala" (I I I I) anE gaNAlu vastAyi. gamanistE annI 4 mAtralu kala gaNalE! 2. kaMdaMlO 1,3 pAdAlalO 3 gaNAlu, 2,4 pAdAlalO 5 gaNAlU vuMTAyi. 3. bEsi (aMTE #odd number#) gaNaM "ja" gaNaM kArAdu. aMTE 1,3 pAdAlalO 1,3 gaNAlu, 2,4 pAdAlalO 2,4 gaNAlu "ja" gaNaM kAkUDadu. 4. 2,4 pAdAla aMtaMlO "guruvu" uMDAli. aMTE ee pAdAlalO 5va gaNaM "gaga" lEdA "sa" ayi uMDAli. 5. prAsa niyamaM pATiMcAli. prAsayati paniki rAdu. 6. yati maitri 2,4 pAdAlalO modaTi aksharAnikI, nAlugO gaNaM modaTi aksharaMtO kudarAli. 7. anni pAdAlalO modaTi aksharAlu annI hrasvAlu gAni, annI dIrghAlu gAnI ayi uMDAli. 8. 2,4 pAdAlalO 3va gaNaM "ja" kAnI "nala" kAnI ayi uMDAli. cUDaTAniki cAlA #strict# gA anipiMcinA, kaMdaMlOni gaNAlannI nAlugu mAtrala gaNAlu kAvaTaM valana padyaM laya paTTukOvaTaM cAlA tElika. oka sAri kaMda padyaM laya alavaDitE padyAlu vATaMtaTa avE ee sUtrAlaku anuguNaMgAnE vastAyi. sumatI Sataka padyAlu annI kaMda padyAlE. mIku vaccina padyAlanu nemaru vEstU laya baddhaMgA cadavaTAniki paiki caduvutU sAdhana cEstE padyAlu cadavaTaM, rAyaTaM, gurtuMcukOvaTaM tElika avutAyi! udA: balavaMtuDa nAkEmani paluvuratO nigrahiMci palukuTa mElA ?! balavaMtamaina sarpamu cali cImala cEta cikki cAvade sumatI ?! sa sa bha I I U |I I U|U I I balavaMtuDa nAkEmani nala gaga ja nala gaga I I I I|U U|I U I | I I I I | U U paluvuratO nigrahiMci palukuTa mElA migilina reMDu pAdAla gaNavibhajana cEyaDaM, anni sUtrAlU sari cUsukOvaDaM caduvarulaku abhyAsaM!